Figure 14. The aquatic food chain, indicating
between the components of the biomanipulation model (after
See text for an explanation of the
Shapiro et al.
a number of experiments
a significant source of mortality to algae.
fish have been eliminated either by winter
with enclosures or small lakes,
fish kill or by
application (e.g., Lynch and Shapiro 1981, 1982;
In these experimental systems,
Shapiro and Wright 1984; Stenson et al. 1978).
blooms of some algal species have been eliminated through zooplankton grazing